Sweden's six major habitat types

Discover Sweden's different habitat types, from breathtaking mountains in the north to bustling wetlands in the south.

Närbild på när vattnet forsar fram i Svartån, Hamra nationalpark. Gröna träd och klippor syns i bakgrunden.
Hamra National Park, Svartån. Photo: Tomas Ärlemo

The national parks reflect Sweden's nature. Together, they form a whole that provides protection for the six different landscape types that are characteristic and unique to Sweden.

Lakes and watercourses

Sweden has one of the greatest concentrations of lakes in the world. Almost one-tenth of its surface consists of lakes. Sparkling fresh water environments are present in most national parks.


Sarek Rapadalen. Photo: Laponiatjoutjudus



About 90 percent of the national parks’ combined surface area is in mountainous regions. Here you can hike from mountain birch forests or ancient coniferous forests across windswept heaths and up onto glistening glaciers.


Skuleskogen, Slottsberget. Photo: Johan Uebel


Coast and sea

The national parks along the coast offer great contrasts: Skuleskogen’s uplifted coast, the sandbanks of the Haparanda archipelago and Kosterhavet’s briny rocks and rare submerged life.


Beech forest. Photo: Pixabay

Broad-leaved deciduous forest

Forests of beech, ash, oak and elm trees cover less than one percent of Sweden. The light-filled, leafy spaces teem with life, including many rare animals and plants. These forests can be found in Söderåsen, Dalby Söderskog and Ängsö.

Stora mosse, Jönköping
Stora mosse. Foto: Länsstyrelsen Jönköping


About one-fifth of Sweden’s surface is covered by wetlands such as bogs, fens and marshes. They are vital for many birds, like the Eurasian curlew whose whistling sends vibrations through summer evenings.

Besonders sehenswürdige Feuchtgebiete gibt es in den Nationalparks Muddus und Store Mosse.


Norra kvill
Norra Kvill National Park. Photo: Anna Lindberg

Coniferous forest

The dark green cover of forests of pine and spruce dominates Sweden’s nature, including the large national parks outside the mountainous areas. In Tyresta and Muddus/Muttos, you can see traces of forest fires that once left their stamp on the landscape.